Easily transform any stream into a queue of middleware to treat each object in the stream.


First, let's look at the middleware.

class PrependLineNumber implements Middleware<String> {

  int _number = 0;

  Future<String> pipe(String line) async {


    return '$_number: $line';

  Future close() async {
    // Tear down method

    // Silly example
    _number = -1;

The Middleware interface contains Future<T> pipe(T item) and Future close(). The return value of the pipe method are sent to the next middleware in the pipeline. The return value can be either a value or a Future. The pipeline will wait before it sends it through to the next middleware.

If the return value is null or Future<null> the item will be dropped from the pipeline and will never reach the next middleware. This is useful for buffering data up to a specific point and then releasing through to the next middleware.

This is a middleware that accepts data from a file stream, but only passes forward every line as it is processed.

class ReadLine implements Middleware<int> {

  String buffer = '';

  Future<String> pipe(int unit) async {

    String character = new String.fromCharCode(unit);

    // If the character isn't a newline, remove this item from the pipeline
    if (character != '\n') {

      buffer += character;

      return null;

    String line = buffer;

    buffer = '';

    return line;

  Future close() async {}


To actually use these middleware, we need a stream of char codes. In this case, we fake it a bit to prove a point.

Anyway, we can either create a Pipeline object with the char stream, or we can pipe the stream to a pipeline object. The pipeline itself is a stream, so we can return the pipeline and allow other parts of the program to listen to it.

Future<Pipeline<String>> everyLineNumbered(File file) async {
  Stream<int> stream = new Stream.fromIterable(await file.readAsBytes());
  Pipeline<String> pipeline = new Pipeline(middleware: [
    new ReadLine(),
    new PrependLineNumber(),
  return pipeline;

In this case, it might be nice to refactor into the Pipeline.fromStream constructor, like so:

Pipeline<String> everyLineNumbered(File file) async => new Pipeline.fromStream(
  new Stream.fromIterable(await file.readAsBytes()),
  middleware: [
    new ReadLine(),
    new PrependLine(),

Use with HttpServer

A good use case for the pipeline is when you're setting up an HttpServer. That could look something like this:

import 'dart:io';
import 'package:pipeline/pipeline.dart';

main() async {
  HttpServer server = await HttpServer.bind('localhost', 1337);
  Pipeline<HttpRequest> pipeline = new Pipeline.fromStream(server, middleware: [
    new CsrfVerifier(), // Middleware<HttpRequest> that protects against CSRF by comparing some tokens.
    new HttpHandler(), // A handler that writes to the response object
  await for(HttpRequest request in pipeline) {
    // Every response should be closed in the end


  • Write tests